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Gaja II de la Roche monēta

Gaja II de la Roche monēta


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Puiša agrīnā dzīve ir neskaidra. Kopš 18. gadsimta vēsturnieki uzskatīja, ka Gajs ir pirmā Atēnu hercoga Otona de la Rošes brāļadēls, bet hartā no 1251. gada, ko 1973. gadā publicēja J. Longnons, viņš tiek noteikts par Otona dēlu. [1] Nav zināms, kad viņš pārgāja hercogistē: Othons pēdējo reizi minēts 1225. gadā, un noteikti miris līdz 1234. Atkal iepriekšējie zinātnieki, sekojot J.A. Bučons un Kārlis Hopfs uzskatīja, ka Otons pēc 1225. gada atgriezās dzimtajā Burgundijā, un pēc tam Gajs viņu mantoja Grieķijā, kā norādīja J. Longnons, tomēr, lai gan tas ir iespējams, tam nav pierādījumu. [2] Turklāt harta norāda, ka sākotnēji Gajs mantoja hercogisti un dažas Francijas zemes, bet ne Otona citu grieķu īpašumu - Argas un Nauplijas kundzi Ahējas Firstistē, kas pārgāja Gaja brālim Otonam, Reja kungam. , kurš to glabāja līdz 1251. gadam, kad Gajs to iegādājās no viņa par 15 000 hiperpyra un apmaiņā pret savām zemēm un pretenzijām Francijā. [1]

Gajam piederēja arī visa Tēba, par ko kopā ar Argos viņš bija parādā Ahējas princim. Pati Atēnas bija neatkarīga no citiem suverēniem, izņemot Latīņu imperatoru pēc Tesalonikas Karalistes krišanas 1224. gadā. Hercogiste tobrīd bija plaukstoša, tomēr pateicoties zīda rūpniecībai (centrēta Tēbās) un tirdzniecībai ar Venēciju un Dženovu . 1240. gadā Gajs pusi no Tēvu kundzības atdeva māsas Bonnas vīram Belam no Svētās Omeras.

Kad Viljams II no Ahējas ar venēciešiem un vietējiem strīdējās par valdību pār Euboju salu triari, Puisis atbalstīja pēdējo. 1258. gada pavasarī Viljams devās uz Tēbām un uzvarēja Gaju smagā cīņā Karidi kalna pakājē. Pēc tam viņš tika aplenkts Tēbās un spiests padoties. Viņš godināja Nikli, bet valstības baroni, kas nebija viņa vienaudži, nosūtīja viņu tiesāt uz Franciju. Viņš aizbrauca 1259. gada pavasarī. Francijas tiesa atzina, ka viņš nav atbildīgs par godināšanu un tādējādi nevar tikt atņemts viņa fīds. Viņa ceļojums bija viņa sods. The Morijas hronika apgalvo, ka Atēnas, kas tehniski bija tikai kundzība, oficiāli tika paaugstinātas hercogistes statusā tikai pēc tam, kad Gajs 1260. gadā tikās ar Francijas Luiju IX. Tā paša gada pavasarī Gajs devās atpakaļ uz Grieķiju, saņemot ziņas par veids, kā Viljams II tika uzvarēts Mihaela VIII Paleologa kaujā pie Pelagonijas un nonāca gūstā. Drīz pēc ierašanās viņu sasniedza ziņas par Konstantinopoles krišanu bizantiešiem.

Gajs bija arī Ahajas administrators, kamēr Viljams II atradās Mihaila VIII ieslodzījumā. [3]

Gijs izdzīvoja šos nopietnos plīsumus Francijas štatos Grieķijā līdz pat savai nāvei 1263. gadā, un viņa pēctecis bija viņa dēls Jānis I.

Puisis apprecējās ar nepazīstamu sievieti no de Bruyeres ģimenes [ nepieciešams citāts ] un viņam bija šādi bērni:


Avoti

Gallia christiana (nova, 1751), IX, 1-332, instrum., 1-94, FISQUET, La France pontificale (Reims, Parīze, 1864) FLODOARD, Histoire de l '& eacuteglise de Reims, Fr. tr. (3 sēj., Reims, 1854-55) MARLOT, Histoire de la ville, cite et universite de Reims, Fr. tr. (4 sēj., Reims, 1843-6) Polyptique de l'abbaye S. Remi de Reims, red. GUERARD (Parīze, 1853) PUSSOT, Journalier ou M & eacutemoires, red. HENRY AND LORIQUET (Reims, 1858) CERF, Vie des saintes du diocese de Reims (2 sēj., Reims, 1898) DEMAISON AND JADART, Apercu de l'histoire de Reims (Reims, 1907) CAULY, Histoire du college des Bons Enfants (Reims, 1885) IDEM, Etudes sur la faculte de th & eacuteologie de l'universite de Reims (Reims, 1898) LANDOUZY, Le toucher des ecrouelles, l'hopital S. Marcoul (Parīze, 1907) BAZIN, Une vieille cite de France, Reims, monuments et histoire (Reims, 1900) GOSSET, La cathedrale de Reims (Reims, 1894).


Esmu mantojis monētu kolekciju ... ko tagad?

Mantota monētu kolekcija ir negaidīta dāvana, kas bieži atklāj kaut ko par tās īpašnieku un viņa interesēm. Var šķist, ka jūs ieejat pilnīgi jaunā pasaulē, un, ja jūs vēl neesat iepazinies ar numismātiku (monētu izpēti vai kolekciju), kolekcijas pārvaldīšana var šķist grūts uzdevums.


Bērni:

a) JEAN de Laval (pirms [1025/26]-)

b) HAMON de Laval (-[1076/85], bur Marmoutier). Hamonam un viņa sievai bija divi bērni:

c) HILDESINDE de Laval d) AGNES de Laval

Puisim [es] un viņa otrajai sievai bija divi bērni:

f) GUY de Laval (pēc 1067. gada 11. marta).

Laval kungs. "Wido" atteicās no tiesībām uz Lemānas nodaļu pirms došanās uz Jeruzalemi, saņemot "Haimo, supra scripti Guidonis filius et uxor eius Hersendis filiique eorum Guido 𠉮t Hugo" piekrišanu ar hartu, kas datēta ar 1039. gada 11. novembri [309]. Šīs hartas datums ir apšaubāms, jo īpaši tāpēc, ka diviem no zināmajiem Gaja un#x00b4 mazdēla Gaja [II] bērniem jābūt dzimušiem 11. gadsimta pēdējā desmitgadē. Turklāt pats Gajs [es] būtu neparasti vecs, kad nomirst, ja viņam jau būtu mazbērni 1039. gadā. & Quot; 310]. Mārkjē mūki pēc "Johannis filii sui monachi nostri" lūguma pēc "Hanido atii Guidone filiis suis …Goido …" ieraksta ziedojumu "Gvido, castri quod Vallis nuncupatur, pago Cynnomennensi conditor atque valdītājs". Agnetem, Hildeburgem & quot; ar hartu, kas datēta ar [1050] [311]. Marmutjē mūki ar & quotsuorumque filiorum …Haimonis … uxor predti Widonis, Gualterius filius eius … & quot [312]. Viņa nāves datumu nosaka harta, kas datēta ar 1062. gada 26. februāri un ko apliecina "Haimo de Lavalle …", kurā ierakstīta konfrontācijas vienošanās starp Saint-Maurice d ୊ngers un La Trinit é de Vend ôme [313] . Gijoms II Normandijas hercogs nokārtoja prasību par labu Marmoutjē mūkiem saistībā ar īpašumu, ko "Guido de Valle" ziedoja ar hartu, kas datēta ar 1064. gadu un kurā nosaukts "Iohannem monachum filium suum" un ko apliecina "Hamo de Valle filius Guidonis …" [31] . Šajā dokumentā nav teikts, ka Gajs šajā datumā bija dzīvs. m pirmkārt ([1010/15]%29 BERTHE de Tosny, [RAOUL [II] de Tosny un viņa sievas meita ---]. Viņas laulību apstiprina harta, kas datēta ar 1055. gada 14. septembri], saskaņā ar kuru mūki no Marmoutier reģistrē & quotquemdam militem …Johannem pagi Cenomannensis indigenum, Widonis de Valle filium & quot; īpašumu & quot matre & quot [315]. Viņas saistību ar Tosny ģimeni apstiprina hartā, kas datēta ar 1063, un kurā ir ierakstīta piekrišana, ko snieguši & quot; filius eius & quot [316]. Atlikušais jautājums ir viņas tēva identitāte. Viņas laulības datums tiek lēsts no hartas, kas datēta ar 1039. gada 11. novembri, kurā viņas t wo mazdēli ir nosaukti (sk. iepriekš) [317]. Ja šis dokuments ir pareizi datēts (un tas ir jāšaubās, kā tas tika apspriests iepriekš), Berta nevarēja būt Rodžera [Konča] meita. Ir vēl divas iespējas. Vai nu viņa bija Raula [II] de Tosnija meita, vai arī viņa bija radiniece ar Robertu de Tosniju, kurš 1086. gadā bija Belvīra kungs un kura precīzās attiecības ar galveno Tosniju ģimeni nav noskaidrotas. m otrkārt (pirms [1030]) kā viņas otrais vīrs, ROTRUDE de Ch âteau-du-Loir, --- atraitne, HAMONA Seigneur d'Argentr é & amp; viņa sievas Eremburge de Bell ême meita (pēc [ 1050]). Marmutjē mūki ar & quotsuorumque filiorum …Haimonis … uxor predti Widonis, Gualterius filius eius … & quot [318]. Viņas izcelsmi apstiprina harta, kas datēta ar [1100], saskaņā ar kuru Angers Saint-Aubin mūki atgādina & quotecclesiam de Comburniaco & quot; vēsturi, ko konfiscēja & quot; Fulcho comes & quot; & quot; Foulques III & quot; kurš to piešķīra & quot; Widdoni de Valle cum filia sua in maritagio & quot; (319). Ja šis ziņojums ir pareizs, Rotrudei jābūt precētai pirms [1030], paredzamā tēva nāves datuma. Marmoutier mūki ar "Guido de Valle" reģistrē Laval godīgās un tirgus peļņas sadalījumu, saņemot piekrišanu "Hamil, Hildelinda, Agnes, Hildeburgis et Guido et Gervasius" ar hartu, kas datēta ar [1050], un par to liecina "Rotrudis supradicti Gurad" uxor, Gualterius filius eius … & quot [320]. Šīs hartas apstiprina Rotrūdes pirmo laulību, no kuras, domājams, ir dzimis & quot; Gualterius filius eius & quot. Puisim [es] un viņa pirmajai sievai bija pieci bērni:

a) JEAN de Laval (pirms [1025/26]-). & quot;#x2026Guidonis de Valle filiorumque performum Johannis et Hamonis & quot; piekrita ziedot & quot; Fulcodius & quot; Marmoutier ar hartu, kas datēta ar [1040] [321]. Mūks pie Marmoutier. Mārkjē mūki pēc "Johannis filii sui monachi nostri" lūguma pēc "Hanido atii Guidone filiis suis …Goido …" ieraksta ziedojumu "Gvido, castri quod Vallis nuncupatur, pago Cynnomennensi conditor atque valdītājs". Agnetem, Hildeburgem & quot; ar hartu, kas datēta ar [1050] [322]. Marmoutier mūki reģistrē & quotquemdam militem … Johannem pagi Cenomannensis indigenum, Widonis de Valle filium & quot; īpašumu & quot; Normannia, territorio Vilcassino �lesiam in villa …Guarniacus … & quot et Haimonis matre & quot, ar hartu, kas datēta ar 1055. gada 14. septembri], kurā arī ierakstīts, ka Žans kļuva par mūku Marmutjē 29 gadu vecumā [323]. [1070].

b) HAMON de Laval (-[1076/85], bur Marmoutier). "Wido" atteicās no tiesībām uz Lemānas nodaļu pirms došanās uz Jeruzalemi ar "Haimo, supra scripti Guidonis filius et uxor eius Hersendis filiique eorum Guido 𠉮t Hugo" piekrišanu ar hartu, kas datēta ar 1039. gada 11. novembri [324]. & quot;#x2026Guidonis de Valle filiorumque performum Johannis et Hamonis & quot; piekrita ziedot & quot; Fulcodius & quot; Marmoutier ar hartu, kas datēta ar [1040] [325]. Laval kungs. Mārkjē mūki pēc "Johannis filii sui monachi nostri" lūguma pēc "Haido atque Guidone filiis suis …" piekrišanas reģistrē "Guido, castri quod Vallis nuncupatur, pago Cynnomennensi conditor atque valdītāja" ziedojumu. Agnetems, Hildeburgem & quot; ar hartu, kas datēta ar [1050] [326]. & quot; Hamo de La Valle Guidonis & quot; uzdāvināja īpašumu La Charit klosterim é Sainte-Marie d ୊njou pēc & quotsuarum sororum Agnetis et Odeline pieprasījuma, & quot Marmutjē mūki ar & quotsuorumque filiorum …Haimonis … uxor predti Widonis, Gualterius filius eius … & quot [328]. Marmoutier mūki ar "Guido de Valle" reģistrē Laval godīgās un tirgus peļņas sadalījumu, saņemot piekrišanu "Hamil, Hildelinda, Agnes, Hildeburgis et Guido et Gervasius" ar hartu, kas datēta ar [1050], un par to liecina "Rotrudis supradicti Gurad" uxor, Gualterius filius eius … & quot [329]. & quot;#x2026Haimo de Lavalle … & quot; bija liecinieki hartai, kas datēta ar 1062. gada 26. februāri un kurā ir ierakstīta konfrontācijas vienošanās starp Saint-Maurice d ୊ngers un La Trinit é de Vend ôme [330]. & quot;#x2026Hamo de Valle filius Guidonis … & quot & quot; Hamon de Laval & quot; uzdāvināja īpašumu Ronceray, pēc & quoteses s œurs Agn ès et Hildelinde & quot; lūguma & quot; Guy son p ère et de Berthe sa m ère & quot ;, ar & quot; élaulātais & quot, ar hartu, kas datēta ar [1075] [332]. m (pirms [1035]%29 HERSENDE, --- (pirms 1095. gada marta) meita. & quot; Wido & quot; atteicās no tiesībām uz Lemānas nodaļu pirms došanās uz Jeruzalemi, & quot; Haimo, supra scripti Guidonis filius et uxor eius Hersendis filiique eorum Guido 𠉮t Hugo, ar hartu, kas datēta ar 1039. gada 11. novembri [333]. "Hamo de La Valle Guidonis" dāvināja īpašumu La Charit klosterim un#x00e9 Sainte-Marie d ୊njou, pēc & quotsuaris etororeline Agorum pieprasījuma ar & quotuxore …sua Hersende & quot; piekrišanu, ar nedatētu hartu [334]. & quot; Sa m ère & quot; ar & quot; Puisis dēls Fils un de Hersende dēls é laulātais & quot; apstiprinājumu, ar hartu, kas datēta ar [1075] [335]. du Bignon & quot, ar hartu, kas datēta ar [1085] [336]. Viņa apbedīšanas vietu apstiprina harta, kas datēta ar 1090. gadu un kurā teikts, ka "Gvido junioram" izdevies "paternum" un#x2026honorem pēc "Haimonis senioris de Valle Guidonis" nāves un ka pēc kāda laika & quotsupradicti domni Guidonis conjugem & quot; kad viņa tika apglabāta & quotjuxta patrem suum Haimonem & quot [337]. Hamonam un viņa sievai bija divi bērni:

i) GUY [II] de Laval (pirms [1037/38]-pēc 1105. gada, bur Marmoutier). "Wido" atteicās no tiesībām uz Lemānas nodaļu pirms došanās uz Jeruzalemi, saņemot "Haimo, supra scripti Guidonis filius et uxor eius Hersendis filiique eorum Guido 𠉮t Hugo" piekrišanu ar hartu, kas datēta ar 1039. gada 11. novembri [338]. Viņš pārņēma tēvu kā Sire de Laval.

ii) HUGUES [I] de Laval (pirms 1039. gada 11. novembra-pēc [1093]). "Wido" atteicās no tiesībām uz Lemānas nodaļu pirms došanās uz Jeruzalemi ar "Haimo, supra scripti Guidonis filius et uxor eius Hersendis filiique eorum Guido 𠉮t Hugo" piekrišanu ar hartu, kas datēta ar 1039. gada 11. novembri [339]. Šīs hartas datums ir apšaubāms. Brāļi Gajs [II] un Hjūss ir ierakstīti jau 12. gadsimtā, un diviem no zināmajiem Gaja [II] bērniem ir jābūt dzimušiem 11. gadsimta pēdējā desmitgadē. Ja hartas datums ir pareizs, gan Gajs [II], gan Hjūzs būtu neparasti veci, kad nomira. Bez datējuma hartā ir ierakstīts, ka "Gido de Lavalle & quot; izdevās & quothonore patris sui Hamonis post mortem eius & quot; un apstiprināja viņa tēva ziedojumus La Charit é Sainte-Marie d ୊njou klosterim, ar & quotuxor � piekrišanu. Guidonis … & quot [340]. Hartā, kas datēta ar [1080/90], ir ierakstīts, ka "Guidone de Valle" pārdod "boscum" un#x2026Monduluet & quot; & quot; & quot; Rivallonus monachus & quot; & quot; Marmoutier, ar & quot; Hugo frater eius 𠉮t Dionisia uxor eius & quot [341] piekrišanu. "Patricius de Cadurcis" ziedoja īpašumu La Couture abatijai ar hartu, kas datēta ar [1085/97], klātesot "Hugone de Lavalle …" (342). Hartā, kas datēta ar [1093/1110], ir ierakstīts, ka "Guido filius Hamonis 𠉮t eius uxor Sicilia, filiusque eius …Guido" uzdāvināja īpašumu Marmoutier, kad & quot; fratrem suum Hugonem & quot; likās mirst, un vēlāk ziedojums & quot; Guiido ilius uus Hugo frater illius & quot [343].

c) HILDESINDE de Laval. Mārkjē mūki pēc "Johannis filii sui monachi nostri" lūguma pēc "Haido atque Guidone filiis suis …" piekrišanas reģistrē "Guido, castri quod Vallis nuncupatur, pago Cynnomennensi conditor atque valdītāja" ziedojumu. Agnetem, Hildeburgem & quot; ar hartu, kas datēta ar [1050] [344]. Marmoutier mūki ar "Guido de Valle" reģistrē Laval godīgās un tirgus peļņas sadalījumu, saņemot piekrišanu "Hamil, Hildelinda, Agnes, Hildeburgis et Guido et Gervasius" ar hartu, kas datēta ar [1050], un par to liecina "Rotrudis supradicti Gurad" uxor, Gualterius filius eius … & quot [345]. & quot; Guido Senex & quot; ziedoja īpašumu & quotsue filie Odeline viduate & quot; vēlāk to apstiprināja & quot; Hamo frater eius & quot [346]. Roncerejas mūķenes ierakstīja, ka "Odeline fille de Guy I" bija ziedojusi savu pūru klosterim un kļuvusi par mūķeni, kad viņa bija atraitne, ar hartu, kas datēta ar [1065/80] [347]. & quot; Hamo de La Valle Guidonis & quot; uzdāvināja īpašumu La Charit klosterim un#x00e9 Sainte-Marie d ୊njou, pēc & quotsuarum sororum Agnetis et Odeline pieprasījuma, & quot; ar & quotuxore …sua Hersende & quot; piekrita, bez datējuma [34]. & quot; Hamon de Laval & quot; uzdāvināja īpašumu Ronceray, pēc & quoteses s œurs Agn ès et Hildelinde & quot; lūgšanas & quot; Puisis dēls & amp; ère & de Berthe sa m ère & quot; ar & quot; élaulātais & quot, ar hartu, kas datēta ar [1075] [349]. & quot; Domna Hildelina & quot; dāvināja īpašumu & quot; castello Vallis & quot; La Charit klosterim é Sainte-Marie d ୊njou, apstiprinot & quot; Haimo et uxor eius et filius eius & quot; ar nedatētu hartu & quot; . Bertevino & quot [350]. m --- (pirms 1062). Hildesindes un#x00b4s vīra vārds nav zināms, taču viņš jau iepriekš nomira vīratēvu, kā parādīts iepriekš citētajā hartā.

d) AGNES de Laval. & quot; Hamo de La Valle Guidonis & quot; uzdāvināja īpašumu La Charit klosterim un#x00e9 Sainte-Marie d ୊njou pēc & quotsuarum sororum Agnetis et Odeline pieprasījuma, & quot Mārkjē mūki pēc "Johannis filii sui monachi nostri" lūguma pēc "Hanido atii Guidone filiis suis …Goido …" ieraksta ziedojumu "Gvido, castri quod Vallis nuncupatur, pago Cynnomennensi conditor atque valdītājs". Agnetems, Hildeburgem & quot; ar hartu, kas datēta ar [1050] [352]. Marmutjē mūki ar & quotsuorumque filiorum …Haimonis … uxor predti Widonis, Gualterius filius eius … & quot [353]. Marmutjē mūki ar "Guido de Valle" reģistrē Laval godīgās un tirgus peļņas sadalījumu, saņemot piekrišanu "Hamil, Hildelinda, Agnes, Hildeburgis et Guido et Gervasius" ar hartu, kas datēta ar [1050], un par to liecina "Rotrudis supradicti Guido" uxor, Gualterius filius eius … & quot [354]. Mūķene pie Ronsera. & quot; Hamon de Laval & quot; uzdāvināja īpašumu Ronceray, pēc & quoteses s œurs Agn ès et Hildelinde & quot; lūguma & quot; Guy son p ère et de Berthe sa m ère & quot ;, ar & quot; élaulātais & quot, ar hartu, kas datēta ar [1075] [355].

e) HILDEBURGIS de Laval. Mārkjē mūki pēc "Johannis filii sui monachi nostri" lūguma pēc "Haido atque Guidone filiis suis …" piekrišanas reģistrē "Guido, castri quod Vallis nuncupatur, pago Cynnomennensi conditor atque valdītāja" ziedojumu. Agnetem, Hildeburgem & quot; ar hartu, kas datēta ar [1050] [356]. Marmutjē mūki ar "Guido de Valle" reģistrē Laval godīgās un tirgus peļņas sadalījumu, saņemot piekrišanu "Hamil, Hildelinda, Agnes, Hildeburgis et Guido et Gervasius" ar hartu, kas datēta ar [1050], un par to liecina "Rotrudis supradicti Guido" uxor, Gualterius filius eius … & quot [357].

Puisim [es] un viņa otrajai sievai bija divi bērni:

f) GUY de Laval (pēc 1067. gada 11. marta). Mārkjē mūki pēc "Johannis filii sui monachi nostri" lūguma pēc "Haido atque Guidone filiis suis …" piekrišanas reģistrē "Guido, castri quod Vallis nuncupatur, pago Cynnomennensi conditor atque valdītāja" ziedojumu. Agnetems, Hildeburgem & quot; ar hartu, kas datēta ar [1050] [358]. Marmutjē mūki ar & quotsuorumque filiorum …Haimonis … uxor predti Widonis, Gualterius filius eius … & quot [359]. Marmutjē mūki ar "Guido de Valle" reģistrē Laval godīgās un tirgus peļņas sadalījumu, saņemot piekrišanu "Hamil, Hildelinda, Agnes, Hildeburgis et Guido et Gervasius" ar hartu, kas datēta ar [1050], un par to liecina "Rotrudis supradicti Guido" uxor, Gualterius filius eius … & quot [360]. Šajā pēdējā hartā nosauktais vārds "Guido et Gervasius" pēc viņu māsām liek domāt, ka viņas nav dzimušas no vienas tēva laulības. & quot;#x2026Guy de Laval … & quot

g) GERVAIS de Laval. Mārkjē mūki pēc "Johannis filii sui monachi nostri" lūguma pēc "Haido atque Guidone filiis suis …" piekrišanas reģistrē "Guido, castri quod Vallis nuncupatur, pago Cynnomennensi conditor atque valdītāja" ziedojumu. Agnetems, Hildeburgem & quot; ar hartu, kas datēta ar [1050] [362]. Marmutjē mūki ar & quotsuorumque filiorum …Haimonis … uxor predti Widonis, Gualterius filius eius … & quot [363]. Marmutjē mūki ar "Guido de Valle" reģistrē Laval godīgās un tirgus peļņas sadalījumu, saņemot piekrišanu "Hamil, Hildelinda, Agnes, Hildeburgis et Guido et Gervasius" ar hartu, kas datēta ar [1050], un par to liecina "Rotrudis supradicti Guido" uxor, Gualterius filius eius … & quot [364]. Šajā pēdējā hartā nosauktais vārds "Guido et Gervasius" viņu māsu vārdā liek domāt, ka viņas nav dzimušas no vienas tēva laulības.

Vispārējs skats no Medlandes:


Prezidents Reigans izaicina Gorbačovu "nojaukt šo sienu"

1987. gada 12. jūnijā prezidents Ronalds Reigans vienā no savām slavenākajām runām aukstā kara laikā izaicina padomju līderi Mihailu Gorbačovu uz Berlīnes mūra nojaukšanu, kas ir represīvā komunistiskā laikmeta simbols sadalītajā Vācijā.

1945. gadā pēc Vācijas sakāves Otrajā pasaules karā valsts galvaspilsēta Berlīne tika sadalīta četrās daļās - amerikāņi, briti un franči kontrolēja rietumu reģionu, bet padomju vara ieguva varu austrumu reģionā. 1949. gada maijā trīs rietumu sekcijas sanāca kopā kā Vācijas Federatīvā Republika (Rietumvācija), tā paša gada oktobrī tika izveidota Vācijas Demokrātiskā Republika (Austrumvācija). 1952. gadā robeža starp abām valstīm tika slēgta, un nākamajā gadā austrumvācieši tika saukti pie atbildības, ja viņi atstāja savu valsti bez atļaujas. 1961. gada augustā Austrumvācijas valdība uzcēla Berlīnes mūri, lai neļautu tās pilsoņiem bēgt uz Rietumiem. Laikā no 1949. gada līdz sienu pirmsākumiem tika lēsts, ka vairāk nekā 2,5 miljoni austrumvāciešu aizbēga uz Rietumiem, lai meklētu mazāk represīvu dzīvi.

Ņemot vērā sienu, prezidents Reigans 1987. gadā Rietumberlīnes ļaužu pulkam paziņoja: "Ir viena zīme, ko padomju vara var radīt, un tā būtu neapšaubāma, kas ievērojami veicinātu brīvības un miera cēloni." uz viņa padomju kolēģi: “ģenerālsekretārs Gorbačovs, ja jūs meklējat mieru —ja jūs meklējat labklājību Padomju Savienībai un Austrumeiropai —ja jūs meklējat liberalizāciju: nāciet šeit, pie šiem vārtiem. Gorbačova kungs, atveriet šos vārtus. Gorbačova kungs, nojauciet šo sienu. ” Pēc tam Reigans lūdza Gorbačovu sākt nopietnas sarunas par ieroču samazināšanu ar ASV.


Elons Musks lūdz lielākajiem Dogecoin īpašniekiem pārdot lielāko daļu savu monētu

Kas notika: Pasaules bagātākā persona, kas pēdējā laikā dedzīgi atbalstījusi joku kriptogrāfijas valūtu, sacīja, ka šāds solis saņems pilnīgu atbalstu un ka viņš “burtiski maksās faktiskos [dolārus], ja viņi vienkārši anulēs savus kontus”.

"Pārāk liela koncentrēšanās ir vienīgā reālā problēma, [manuprāt]," piebilda Musks.

Kas attiecas uz tiem, kuri ir nobažījušies par Dogecoin tirgus cenas kritumu pēc šādas darbības daļā “Vaļi”, jo šajā nozarē tiek minēti galvenie monētu turētāji, Musks saka, ka cenas varētu būt “īslaicīgi zemākas”, taču tas dod “ilgtermiņa paaugstinājuma” potenciāls.

Kāpēc tas ir svarīgi: Kā Musks šomēnes pasludināja Dogecoin, sakot, ka tā straujais piedāvājums salīdzinājumā ar Bitcoin (BTC) patiesībā var būt priekšrocība, viņš atzīmēja bažas, kas saistītas ar nelielu skaitu vaļu, kuriem ir liels kriptovalūtas daudzums.

Tesla un SpaceX izpilddirektors iepriekš nodēvēja Dogecoin par “tautas kriptogrāfiju” un teica, ka kriptovalūtas īpašniekam nav jābūt “gigadātam”.

Benzinga pieņemšana: Tā kā Bitcoin cenas pieaug līdz jauniem augstumiem, daudzi privātie investori ir meklējuši zemākas cenas kriptovalūtas, lai tās varētu būt daļa no darbības.

Dedzīgie Bitcoin atbalstītāji atzīmē, ka privātajiem investoriem nav jāuztraucas par visa Bitcoin iegādi, jo to var iegādāties fragmentāri, un 1 Bitcoin ir vienāds ar 100 miljoniem satošiju.

Lai gan Tesla ir ieguldījusi Bitcoin, šķiet, ka Musks patiesībā nopietni domā par Dogecoin pieņemšanu kā “cilvēku kriptogrāfiju”.

Tas rada bažas par agrīnajiem ieguldītājiem, kuri izmet savas monētas jaunākiem privātajiem investoriem, kuri, iespējams, lec uz ratu pēc Muska tvītiem. Dogecoin ieguve bija salīdzinoši vieglāka jau pirmajās dienās, ap 2014.-15. Gadu, salīdzinot ar citām kriptogrāfijas valūtām, piemēram, Bitcoin, un tikai dažas vienības glabā lielu daudzumu kriptogrāfijas.

Gadu gaitā ir parādījušās vairākas kriptogrāfijas valūtas, piemēram, Litecoin (LTC) un Bitcoin Cash (BCH), lai tās būtu draudzīgākas privātajiem investoriem un ļautu veikt ikdienas darījumus nekā Bitcoin, taču neviena no tām vēl nav atradusi līdzīgus pamatus kā virsotne kriptovalūta.

Lai gan Dogecoin ir liels Muska atbalstītājs, ar kriptovalūtu saistītie riski joprojām ir augsti.

Cenu darbība: Pirmdien preses laikā Dogecoin tirgoja par 3,09% zemāk .058.


Gucci smaržas un odekoloni

Gucci namu 1921. gadā nodibināja Guccio Gucci. Iedvesmojoties no skaistās bagāžas, ko viņš bija redzējis ceļotājus pārvadājot, strādājot Londonas Savoy viesnīcā, Gucci atgriezās Florencē ar mērķi apvienot turīgo ceļotāju izsmalcināto eleganci, ko viņš novēroja tradicionālo Florences amatnieku smalkā meistarība.

Uzņēmuma jāšanas tematikas kvalitatīvi ādas izstrādājumi bija ļoti pieprasīti, un, kad Otrā pasaules kara laikā ādas trūka, Gucci novatoriskā kaņepju, lina un džutas izmantošana paplašināja zīmola estētiku. Guccio Gucci nomira 1953. gadā, bet viņa dēli un mazdēls pārraudzīja veiksmīgu uzņēmuma paplašināšanos par luksusa preču ražotāju, kas pazīstams visā pasaulē. Uzņēmuma paraksts "double G" tika pieņemts pagājušā gadsimta 60. gados.

Uzņēmuma pirmais aromāts, Gucci Nr. 1 sievietēm, tika ieviests 1974. gadā. Kopš tā laika ir laista klajā vīriešu un sieviešu smaržu sērija, un daudzi no tiem ieņem leģendāru smaržu kolekcionāru statusu, tostarp Gucci 3 un L'Arte di Gucci. Toms Fords bija uzņēmuma radītāja direktors deviņdesmito gadu vidū līdz 21. gadsimta sākumam. Radošā direktore Frīda Džanniņi pārņēma Ford pienākumus, un kopš 2015. gada pie stūres stājās Alesandro Mišela.

Dizaineris Gucci ir 102 smaržas mūsu aromātu bāzē. Agrākais izdevums tika izveidots 1974. gadā, bet jaunākais - no 2021. gada. Gucci smaržas tika izgatavotas sadarbībā ar parfimēriem Mišelu Almairaku, Dominiku Ropionu, Danielu (Roche) Andjē, Antuānu Maisondjē, Gaju Robertu, Firmeniču, Karīnu Dubreilu, Aurēliju Gišārdu, Alberto Morillasu , Moriss Ruels, Iliass Ermenidis, Žaks Huljērs un Lorenco Villoresi.


Sudraba monētas

Sudraba monētas vairs netiek ražotas apgrozībai Amerikas Savienotajās Valstīs, taču tas nenozīmē, ka nav iespējams atrast sudraba monētas, ko iegādāties. Dārgmetālu sudraba monētas ir pieejamas no suverēnām naudas kaltuvēm visā pasaulē un dažām privātajām naudas kaltuvēm, kuras ir noslēgušas līgumu ar ārvalstu rezervju bankām. Šīs monētas svārstās no ikgadējas emisijas, investīciju kategorijas sudraba stieņa monētām līdz ierobežota izdevuma sudraba monētām. Sudraba monētu iegādē netrūkst dažādības. Jums tikai jāizlemj, kuras monētas iekrīt jūsu acīs un ir jūsu ieguldījuma cienīgas!

Gada izlaiduma sudraba monētu monētas

Vidējais investors labprātāk iegādājas suverēnu monētu izlaistas sudraba monētas. Šīs monētas ir pazīstamas preces visā pasaulē. Katram no tiem ir vienāds svars un metāla saturs ar katru izlaišanas gadu. A central government and/or central bank backs the purity and weight of each, and in most cases issues a nominal face value for the coin even though the value of its silver content outweighs any denominational value. There is great diversity in the silver bullion coin market, with the following coins representing the most popular from mints around the world:

    : The official silver bullion coin of the United States, the American Silver Eagle debuted in 1986 with 1 Troy oz of .999 pure silver. The coin features the iconic Walking Liberty design from Adolph A. Weinman on the obverse and the US heraldic shield on the reverse.
  • Canadian Silver Maple Leaf: First issued in 1988, the Silver Maple Leaf is Canada's official bullion coinage in silver and contains 1 Troy oz of .9999 pure silver. It was the world's first .9999 pure silver bullion coin and remains one of the few issued with this purity level. On the obverse is an effigy of Queen Elizabeth II, while the reverse features the sugar maple leaf design used on all Canadian Maple Leaf coinage.
  • Chinese Silver Panda: Issued regularly as a silver bullion coin since 1989, the Chinese Silver Panda was the first silver bullion coin to use a new design for the obverse image of the Giant Panda. On the reverse, you'll find the Temple of Heaven's Hall of Prayer for Abundant Harvests, a design in use since 1983 when the Silver Panda debuted as a proof silver coin. Today, the Chinese Silver Panda is available as 30 Gram coins with .999 pure silver content.
  • British Silver Britannia: The official silver bullion coin of Great Britain, the Britannia coinage debuted in 1997 from the Royal Mint of England. It shares the same obverse and reverse designs as the Gold Britannia. On the obverse is a portrait of Queen Elizabeth II, while the reverse features the design of Britannia from Philip Nathan. From 1997 to 2012, the Silver Britannia featured .958 silver purity, but since 2013 it has featured .999 pure silver content.
  • Australian Silver Kookaburra: Issued by the Perth Mint, the state-owned mint of Western Australia, the Silver Kookaburra debuted in 1990 and features a new reverse design of the kookaburra species every year. Queen Elizabeth II is depicted on the obverse. The Silver Kookaburra contains 1 Troy oz of .9999 pure silver as of 2017.
  • Australian Silver Koala: Also from the Perth Mint, the Silver Koala is another wildlife-themed silver coin for Australia that features the lovable koala marsupial species on the reverse in a different design each year.
  • Australian Silver Kangaroo: Issued in 2016 for the first time, the Silver Kangaroo was the Perth Mint's first-ever .9999 pure silver bullion coin. Its reverse side features the famed hopping red kangaroo, while the obverse includes an effigy of Queen Elizabeth II.

These coins are just a few of the many popular silver bullion coins available for purchase. Remember, silver bullion coins are typically available only in 1 Troy oz weights with .999 or .9999 pure silver content. The coins mentioned above are struck every year in an investment-grade option, making them an ideal annual addition to any portfolio.

With that said, it's worth noting that many silver bullion coin programs also have proof collectible options. These coins offer the same design as their bullion counterpart but deliver collectible value courtesy of a more visually brilliant design finish and lower, set mintage figures. The Proof American Silver Eagle Coin and the Proof Australian Silver Kangaroo are just two examples of silver bullion coin available in a collectible version as well.

Gilded Silver Bullion Coins

Available with limited mintage figures, gilded silver bullion coins contain a thin layer of 24-karat gold applied to the primary design on the surface of coins. The layer of 24-karat gold is not enough to alter the overall weight of the coin and does not add significant value to the coin based upon its metal content. However, gilded silver bullion coins do have added numismatic value as a result of the visual beauty and low availability. Popular coins such as the American Silver Eagle, Austrian Silver Philharmonic, and Somalian Silver Elephant are all available on an annual basis with a gilded finish. In the case of most of these coins, the gilded layering is applied by a third-party and not the issuing mint.

Colorized Silver Bullion Coins

Another popular means of adding numismatic value to silver bullion coins is the application of a colorized lacquer. This too is typically applied only to the primary design of a coin on one side. For example, Colorized American Silver Eagle Coins feature brilliant hues and the red, white, and blue of the American flag on the image of Walking Liberty. The colorized lacquer does not change the weight of the coin, nor does it impact the silver content in any way. It is simply a means of adding a collectible twist to popular silver bullion coins.

Special Issue Silver Bullion Coins

Finally, you'll find as you shop our silver for sale that there are various silver bullion coin programs issued with beautiful finishes, unique weights, and low mintage figures. The designs in these issues are typically offered for a limited time and can feature as a few as one or two designs in a collection, or offer a robust number of different designs. The following are just a few examples of special issue silver bullion coins:

    : Offered by the United States Mint, the America the Beautiful collection debuted in 2010. It includes a total of 56 designs to represent each of the 50 US states, five overseas territories of the US, and the federal district of Washington DC. Five new designs are issued each year and discontinued once each release year is complete. The coins contain 5 Troy oz of .999 pure silver. : The Royal Mint's Queen's Beast Silver Coin program includes 10 designs with each one representing a different heraldic beast from the history of England's royal monarchs. Each design is available as a .9999 pure silver bullion coins or .999 pure silver proof coin with a 2 oz silver weight in the bullion version or 1 oz, 5 oz, 10 oz, and 1 kilo options in proof. : Issued for the nation of Niue by the Scottsdale Mint, the Biblical Silver Coin Series launched in 2015 and includes six new designs each year. The silver coins feature images reflective of stories from the Hebrew and Christian bibles, with each design struck on a 2 oz, rimless silver blank with an antique polish. Each design is limited to just 1,499 coins. : An ideal example of special-issue silver coins, the Native American Silver Dollar Coins are proof silver coins issued by the Native American Mint. The coins have a face value of One Dollar, and though they are not legal tender in the United States, the face value is backed by the issuing tribe. Each new design represents an indigenous tribe from North America with an obverse design of the tribe and a reverse design of an animal species special to that tribe's history.

90% and 40% Silver Coins

If you’re looking for a real deal on silver, consider purchasing bulk volumes of former US circulation coin designs. Until 1964, the United States issued all of its circulation silver coins with a 90% silver content. This includes items such as the Barber Coinage (1892-1916), the Mercury Dime (1916-1945), and the Walking Liberty Half Dollar (1916-1947). These coins are often available in bulk linen sacks and showcase signs of wear and tear as they were previously in circulation. No matter the condition of the designs, the coins still contain 90% silver content and are an affordable option for first-time investors in particular.

You’ll also find 40% silver coins available from the United States Mint. Amid rising silver prices in the 1960s, the US Mint briefly issued Kennedy Half Dollar coins with an effigy of President John F. Kennedy using 40% silver content. These were only available from early 1964 to 1969 before cupro-nickel clad coins became the norm in the US.

Buy Your Favorite Silver Bullion Coins from JM Bullion

As you can tell, there are plenty of options to choose from when you buy silver online. If you have any questions about our silver coins, please don't hesitate to ask. JM Bullion customer service is available to you at 800-276-6508, online using our live chat service, and via our email address.


Gold Coins

Gold coins are a popular choice with Gold investors. Gold bullion coins are often an attractive starting point for novice investors, while also padding the portfolio of the most seasoned investors. Gold coins for sale are often adorned with beautiful designs, inspired by artwork from all over the world. Many Gold bullion coins are backed by a central government, issued by sovereign mints.

APMEX has an extensive selection of Gold coins. We make it easy to buy Gold – no need to search high and low for where to buy Gold, our website allows you to search by series or mint to find the Gold coin you’re looking for. Gold coin prices will fluctuate with the spot price of Gold, and our selection includes Gold coins for all budget levels.

American Gold Coins

APMEX has the distinct honor of being an authorized purchaser with the U.S. Mint. This means we get bullion coins directly from the mint to pass along to our customers. The United States Mint is the official covering mint of the United States – and the only mint in America that produces American Gold coins. Beginning in 1794, the U.S. Mint began issuing both circulating Gold currency and Gold bullion coins. From 1838 to 1933, the U.S. Mint produced .900 fine Gold coins. Pre-1933 coins are considered extremely valuable to collectors. In 1986, the U.S. Mint began producing Gold bullion coins again, beginning with the American Gold Eagle. U.S. Gold coins are a staple in many portfolios and collections alike.

APMEX stocks an extensive selection of American Gold coins:

• American Gold Eagle: An ideal expression of the American spirit and based on the famous design by Augustus Saint-Gaudens, the Gold American Eagle is instantly recognizable worldwide. Bearing a depiction of Lady Liberty striding in front of the sun on one side and American bald eagles nesting on the other, this iconic is available in several fractional sizes to fit any budget. The Gold American Eagle enjoys unparalleled recognition and ease of liquidity.

• American Gold Buffalo: This gorgeous coin enjoys tremendous popularity largely because its artwork is a rendition of the famous 1913 Buffalo Nickel, by James Earle Fraser. Its obverse features the magnificent profile portrait of a Native American chief, while its reverse depicts a glorious American buffalo inspired by Black Diamond, the American bison that lived in New York’s Central Park Zoo in the 1910s. The American Buffalo’s .9999 Gold fineness and instantaneous recognizability make it an excellent choice for any Gold buyer.

• Pre-33 U.S. Gold Coins: These U.S. Gold coins date as far back as 1795, providing a glimpse into one of the first uses of U.S. coinage. They also come in a variety of denominations providing buyers with options that can work within their budget or their investment strategy. While denominations vary, each coin has seen an important part of history unfold whether through its design or the denomination itself. They include $1.00, $2.50, $5.00, $10.00 Gold coins and $20.00 Gold coins. These exceptionally rare coins give buyers several options and have outstanding value associated with each coin. The Gold Quarter Eagle and the Liberty Gold Double Eagle are popular choices, as are the Gold Half Eagle and the Saint-Gaudens Gold Eagle.

Australian Gold Coins

APMEX carries fine Gold coins from Australia, including coins from The Perth Mint and the Royal Australian Mint. The Perth Mint opened its doors in 1899, while the Royal Australian Mint opened much later after the Currency Act of 1965. The Perth Mint is Australia's oldest currently operating Precious Metals manufacturer. The Perth Mint remained under British control until 1970. Now, it is owned by the Gold Corporation, under the power of the Government of Western Australia.

Our selection of Australian Gold coins include:

• The Perth Mint Gold Lunar Coins: Produced by The Perth Mint, the Gold Lunar Series began in 1996 with the year of the Mouse coins and ended in 2007 with the year of the Pig coins. Following the popularity, Series 2 began in 2008 and will end in 2019. Struck from .9999 fine Gold, these coins can be a great way to acquire and invest in Precious Metals. Not only are the coins commemorative items that appeal to collectors worldwide, but they are also legal tender in Australia.

• The Perth Mint Gold Kangaroo Coins: Kangaroo Gold coins were introduced in 1987 by Gold Corp., an entity entirely owned by the Western Australian Government. Issued as Australian legal tender, the Gold Kangaroo is a favorite item among collectors and investors worldwide. The obverse consistently bears a portrait of Queen Elizabeth II. However, the reverse has changed several times since the coin's release. At first, the reverse of these coins depicted an Australian Gold nugget. In 1989, the design changed and instead featured a more widely recognized symbol of Australia: the kangaroo. An iconic representation of fascinating wildlife, the kangaroo design brings this bullion coin series to life.

• The Perth Mint Gold Swan Coins: In 2017, The Perth Mint released its first limited mintage Gold bullion coin with a unique Swan design. The Gold Swan has a limited mintage of 5,000 coins made of .9999 fine Gold. The coins in this series contain 1 oz of Gold and display a variety of beautiful Swan designs, each showcasing one of the world’s most distinct and unique species. These stunning Swan coins come in various finishes, including Brilliant Uncirculated and Proof.

• The Perth Mint Gold Koala Coins: The cute and cuddly koala has been the focus of this Perth Mint Gold series since 2008. These beautiful .9999 fine Australian Gold coins are produced in a variety of sizes, suitable for any investor or collector. The obverse of each coin shows a likeness of Queen Elizabeth II. Each year features a new reverse design, yet they always center on the koala.

• Australian Gold Domed Coins: Each coin has a unique, convex shape to give a domed appearance, enhancing the engraved detail on the coin. The coins feature various themes such as the historic Apollo 11 Moon Landing, the Age of Exploration, as well as the night sky.

• Australian Gold Kangaroo Coins: These popular bullion coins display beautiful images of Australia's national animal, the kangaroo, and are sought after worldwide for their iconic designs and Gold value. These coins are legal tender in Australia, but are prized for their Gold content and rarity as they are produced in limited quantities.

• Australian Gold Dolphin Coins: This particular series celebrates the bottlenose dolphin, an Australia native, and just one of the many fantastic species that inhabits the country.

• Australian Gold Lunar Coins: These Gold lunar coins from the Royal Australian Mint celebrate the animals of the Chinese Zodiac Calendar. This lunar calendar, which runs in a 12-year cycle, consists of 12 different animals each representing a year in the cycle. Animals of the Chinese Zodiac include: the Rat, Ox, Tiger, Rabbit, Dragon, Snake, Horse, Sheep, Monkey, Rooster, Dog and Pig. The character of each animal is believed to influence the events and political and economic conditions of its year, as well as the personality of individuals born during its cycle.

Austrian Gold Coins

APMEX is proud to offer products from the Munze Österreich, or Austrian Mint. With more than 800 years of coin-production experience, the Austrian Mint in Vienna has become world-renowned for coin production and Precious Metals processing. As a subsidiary of the Austrian Central Bank, the Austrian Mint's foremost task is to produce all of the circulating euro coinage for Austria. But the mint also strikes an impressive range of collector coins and medals, along with producing some of the world's best-selling bullion coins.

• Austrian Gold Philharmonic Coins: First minted in 1989, the Austrian Philharmonic Gold bullion coins were the best-selling Gold coins in the world in 1992, 1995 and 1996, according to the World Gold Council. The Gold Philharmonic was created as a Gold tribute to the renowned Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, one of the world's most well-known orchestras. The obverse of the Gold Philharmonic coin depicts the Great Organ of the Golden Hall in Vienna's concert hall, the Musikverein.

British Gold Coins

Since 1886, The Royal Mint has been manufacturing coins for the United Kingdom. In addition to circulating coinage for the U.K., The Royal Mint also mints coins for other countries as well as many commemorative items.

• British Gold Britannia Coins: Introduced by The Royal Mint in 1987, the Britannia coins have played a significant role in the coin market. Gold Britannias are issued in 1, 1/2, 1/4, and 1/10 oz sizes with face values in British pounds (£) of £100, £50, £25, and £10, respectively. They are .9167 fine Gold and are legal tender in Great Britain. Until 1990, the Gold Britannia was alloyed with copper. However, beginning in 1990, the coins have been alloyed with Silver, which gives those issued since 1990 a lighter yellow color than the earlier Britannias. In 2013, the fineness increased to .9999 fine.

• British Gold Queen's Beasts Coins: The Queen's Beasts 1 oz Gold bullion coin series by The Royal Mint celebrates the British Monarchy and the centuries of fascinating heraldry that has been a part of their story. Each animal of The Queen's Beasts is fashioned into 1 oz .9999 fine Gold coins beginning in 2016. These beautiful Gold coins come in a range of sizes from 1/4 oz to 5 oz.

• British Gold Commemorative Coins: Great Britain has provided some of the most beautifully engraved and designed Gold, historically. Their classic designs continue to stand the test of time.

Canadian Gold Coins

On January 2, 1908, Governor General Earl Grey activated the press to strike the Dominion’s first domestically produced coin, a fifty-cent piece. The Ottawa branch of Britain’s Royal Mint was officially open for business. In 1931, the heritage building on Sussex Drive, the surrounding land, and the entire minting enterprise passed into Canadian hands, making the Mint a wholly Canadian institution. The creation of the Royal Mint coincided with an era of flourishing Gold production in the Yukon and British Columbia. A refinery was needed to perform the intricate work of bringing rough Gold up to coinage standards. The Canadian Mint’s original refinery was completed in 1911. It rendered distinguished service to the British Empire throughout the Great War, producing the vast quantities of Gold bars with which Britain paid its debts to other countries.

A new refinery facility, designed to meet any possible demand for many years to come, was built in 1936 to refine Gold for mines and central banks throughout the world. Still in operation today, the refinery has produced .9999 fine Gold bars since 1969. In 1982, it became the world’s first refinery to manufacture .9999 fine Gold bullion coins. Then in 1999, the Royal Canadian Mint excelled again by being the first to achieve .99999 fine Gold purity.

The Royal Canadian Mint is a world leader in producing high-quality circulating, numismatic, and bullion coins. With many award-winning coins and notable firsts, the Royal Canadian Mint is one of the most innovative mints in the world. Some of this mint's notable firsts include:

• First colored coin.
• First hologram coin.
• First irregular-shaped (square) coin.
• First colored coin using plasma technology.
• First million-dollar face value coin ever minted.

APMEX carries popular Canadian Gold coins, including:

• Canadian Gold Maple Leaf: In 1979, the Royal Canadian Mint began the production of Gold bullion, with $50-denomination Gold Maple Leaf one-ounce coins. They were .999 fine, guaranteed by the Government of Canada for weight and purity, and before long, they became one of the world’s most popular fine Gold coins. Since these Canadian Gold coins were introduced in 1979, they have been in high demand. These Canadian classics come in a variety of sizes, including 1 oz, 1/2 oz, 1/4 oz, 1/10 oz, 1/20 oz and 1 gram. Each coin is legal Canadian Gold tender guaranteed by the Government of Canada for its weight and purity. At up to .99999 fine Gold, Maple Leaf coins are sought after for their premium Gold content and beautiful design.

• Canadian .99999 Gold Coins: While most Gold bullion coins are made of .9999 fine Gold, the Royal Canadian Mint has produced several commemorative coins of .99999 fine Gold. These are the purest Gold coins ever minted. Among these, you will find Gold Maple Leafs, Gold Canadian Mountie Coins, and even the Howling Wolf Gold Coin.

Chinese Gold Coins

Issued by the People's Republic of China since 1982, the Chinese Gold Pandas are .999 fine Gold. In 2016, the People's Republic of China began minting Gold Pandas in metric system sizes to better suit the international appeal of the coins. These gram sizes replaced the troy ounce sizes of previous dates in the series.

While not an exact conversion, the new gram sizes provide the closest metric equivalent to the similarly sized ounce counterparts:

Prior to 2016, the Gold Pandas are typically available in 1 oz, 1/2 oz, 1/4 oz 1/10 oz, and 1/20 oz sizes. However, the Gold Chinese Pandas are also available in larger sizes, such as 5 oz, 12 oz and 1 kilo sizes. Several Chinese mints produce the Chinese Gold Panda bullion coins, including Beijing, Shenzhen, Shanghai, and Shenyang.

Mexican Gold Coins

The Mexican Gold coins are renowned as some of the most beautiful currency in the world. Minted in Mexico City by the Mexican Mint, many of these coins contain 90% fine Gold and 10% Copper. The addition of Copper during the minting process gives Mexican coins a density that Gold alone cannot provide. We carry a variety of Mexican Gold coins, include Gold pesos and Libertad Gold coins.

• Mexican Gold Libertad Coins: Struck by one of the oldest North American mints, la Casa de Moneda de Mexico, the Mexican Libertad Gold coin is one of the most famously beautiful Gold bullion coins available today. Made from .999 fine Gold, this exceptionally stunning Gold coin resembles the design of the renowned 50 Peso Gold Coin known as the Centenario. The artwork featured on the Gold Libertad is both arrestingly beautiful and important to the history of Mexico. Its legendary design and limited mintage make the Mexican Libertad Gold Coin a sought-after addition to any coin portfolio.

Somalian Gold Coins

Struck by Munich’s famous Bavarian State Mint, the attractive Somalia African Elephant Gold coin is famous all over the world due to its ever-changing reverse design, showcasing a new image of the magnificent African Elephant each year. This 1 oz .9999 fine Gold coin bears a face value of 1000 Shillings, but of course has a much greater intrinsic value. This piece is also available in fractional sizes, providing an excellent opportunity for new Gold buyers to get in on Gold investing.

South African Gold Coins

The first Gold bullion coin in the world and a perennial favorite outside of the United States, the Gold Krugerrand is generally one of the more affordable Gold coins on the market and is recognizable for its unique hue and depiction of a springbok antelope. While some buyers feel it is not as detailed as other, more elaborate, Gold coin reliefs, this simple design has been around since 1967 and has proven staying power on the investment market. The Krugerrand contains .9167 fine Gold, with an alloy of 8.33% copper to bolster the Gold durability. Recommended as an excellent investment item for both new and experienced buyers, Krugerrands are generally liquid on the open markets worldwide.

South Korean Gold Coins

Korea Minting and Security Printing & ID Card Operating Corporation, better known as KOMSCO, is the sole currency manufacturer for the Republic of South Korea. In addition to producing well-known Gold bullion products such as the Chiwoo Cheonwang, South Korean Tiger and ZI:SIN, KOMSCO also produces all circulating coins and currency used in South Korea.

• Chiwoo Cheonwang Gold series: The thrilling Chiwoo Cheonwang Gold series from South Korea is the very first South Korean Gold bullion series and also marks the introduction of a measurement of value for South Korea, called a “CLAY.” KOMSCO, the official South Korean mint, produces Chiwoo medals in limited mintages which further adds to their collectibility.

• ZI:SIN series: ZI:SIN stands for "Twelve Guardians," the individual commanders of god's armies who were ordered to protect mankind from the twelve directions surrounding north, south, east and west. According to Korean folklore, each commander will defend mankind against threats, and each one has a set of powers that allows them to conquer the evils threatening the earth. The ZI:SIN series will feature 12 designs, one for each of the guardians, and will mirror the cycle of the lunar calendar.

Monnaie de Paris Commemorative Gold Coins

The Monnaie de Paris (Paris Mint) is an agency of the French government charged with issuing coins as well as producing medals and other similar items. Created in 864, it is the oldest French institution. The Monnaie de Paris mints several different Gold coins honoring everything from important artists to landmarks to, of course, French historical figures.

Ancient & Medieval Gold Coins

You can own rare Gold coins struck as early as 344 B.C. or the Byzantine reign of Rome. Some of these rare Gold coins have seen over 2000 years of world history. The shape and weight of ancient Gold varies because the striking and engraving technologies were not as consistent as what we have today. Rare and old Gold coins have been made since King Croesus of Lydia had them struck between 560 and 546 B.C. These coins carry value, of course, but also tell an important part of history.

Our selection of Ancient & Medieval Gold coins includes:

Buy Gold Coins Online from APMEX

If you need assistance in figuring out where to buy Gold coins, or if you should have any issue buying Gold coins on APMEX.com, we are eager to assist you. Our team of highly trained customer service associates can answer any questions on how to buy Gold and which Gold coin may be right for you. They can be reached by email or telephone, please call (800) 375-9006 or email [email protected] You can also sell Gold to APMEX by calling our Purchasing team at (800) 514-6318 to speak to one of our representatives or learn more about how to sell Gold to APMEX.

APMEX Customer Reviews

For 20 years, APMEX has provided customers with an easy shopping experience they can trust. We pride ourselves on transparency and consider every customer review to be valuable feedback. Please take a moment to read our reviews from valued customers on Gold coins and more. We welcome and encourage feedback – each review allows us to improve your Precious Metals buying experience.


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Komentāri:

  1. Nikoshicage

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  3. Elija

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  5. Rufo

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